What about those unreached by the Quran?

Our educated friend started scratching his head; it was clear that he was trying his best to locate the pitfall that would finish me off. He resumed, slowly arranging his choice of words:

Alright, what do you say about that person who was unreached by the Quran, wasn’t sent a book from the heavens, and wasn’t sent a prophet? What’s his fault? What’s his fate on your day of judgment? An Eskimo in the far poles, or a negro in the jungle. What are their chances in between the hands of your God on the day of judgment?

I replied:

Allow me to clear up some misconceptions at first, as your questions are founded upon a false premise. God informed us that he deprived none of his mercy, revelations, words, and signs.

And there was no nation but that there had passed within it a warner” (Quran 35:24)

And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger” (Quran 16:36)

The messengers mentioned in the Quran are not all the messengers who have been sent for mankind. Instead, there are thousands of other messengers whom we know nothing about. And God says to his prophet:

And, indeed We have sent Messengers before you [O Muhammad]; of some of them We have related to you their story and of some We have not related to you their story” (Quran 40:78)

God sends down his revelations to everything, including the bees.

And your Lord inspired to the bee, “Take for yourself among the mountains, houses, and among the trees and [in] that which they construct.” (Quran 16:68)

A revelation could be in the form of a book delivered by Gabriel, an illumination put down by God in the heart of a worshiper, a state of inner bliss, a certain wisdom, a certain fact, an understanding to a certain issue, and it could be reverence toward and fear of God, with an attitude of piety.

No one that ever works on his heart and senses, aiming their adjustment, but receives a grace from God. But, talking about those who deliberately mute their senses and ignore their hearts, neither books, messengers, nor even miracles will be of use to them.

God said that he picks whoever he pleases for his mercy to descend upon, and that he is never questioned about what he ordains and decrees. He could, for a wise purpose, will that a particular person be warned, while another person be excused and gets accepted with the slightest belief.

Who knows, a small fearful glance from this primitive negro to the sky could be more redeeming and acceptable, in the sight of God, than our prayers.

Though a close consideration of prevailing religions in those primitive areas, reveals that they had messengers and revelations just like us. For instance, in a tribe called ‘Mau Mau’, we read that they believe in a God named ‘Mogabe’, describing him as one and only, does not beget, was not begotten, nothing is like or equal to him, invisible and unseen except through his effects and actions, that he’s a creator, a giver of livelihood, a bestower, merciful, heals the sick, relieves the distressed, sends down the rain, hears the prayers, alongside that lightning is his dagger, and that thunder is the sound of his footfall.

Isn’t this ‘Mogabe’ our exact same God? From where have they gotten to know all of this without an informant messenger in their history? As usual, with the passage of time, the message was subjected to superstitions that corrupted its divine purity.

In another tribe called ‘Niam Niam’, we read about their belief in a one God naming him ‘Mbole’, saying that everything in the jungle moves according to his will, aiming thunderbolts at evildoers, and rewarding the virtuous with livelihood, blessings, and security.

Another tribe called ‘Shilock’, believes in a single deity named ‘Jok’, describing him as invisible and manifest, that he’s in the heavens, everywhere, and that he’s the creator of everything.

And in a tribe called ‘The Denka’, they believe in a one God named ‘Nialok’, which is a word that literally means “the one in the sky” or the sublime.

By what name other than Islam can we call such creeds? And what can they be other than messages delivered through messengers throughout the history of those tribes?

Indeed, religion is one.

Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabeans [before Prophet Muhammad] – those [among them] who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness – will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve” (Quran 2:62)

Even the Sabeans who worshiped the sun as one of God’s signs, believed in the oneness of God, the afterlife, resurrection, judgment, and did good deeds will have their rewards with God.

We know that God’s mercy varies in how it is bestowed. Some people are born blind, others enjoy sight. Some have lived during the age of Moses and saw him with their own eyes split the sea with his stick, others lived during the age of Jesus and witnessed how he raised the dead. Talking about ourselves, we know nothing about those signs except through hearing. And a report is never equivalent to witnessing with your own eyes. Though belief and disbelief are not hinged upon miracles. The arrogant and the stubborn get to see wonders from the prophets sent to guide them, but have no more to say of these miracles other than describing them as ‘fabricated sorcery’.

No doubt that our educated friend coming from France, have reached him three books; the Torah, the Bible, and the Quran, in his own mother-tongue language. All those books increased nothing in him but the drowning in disputation. Instead, as a way to escape the whole situation, he shifted the entire subject to a primitive man in the jungle unreached by any book, and started asking: What about this man who is unreached by the Quran or any book? Hoping to catch a breach in divine justice, or deceiving himself into thinking that the whole issue is pointless.

For that he asked:

Why does God’s mercy vary? Why would God witness someone his signs, and another one knows nothing about them except through hearing?

And we say that witnessing God’s signs isn’t that all-good picture that you might be having, and it certainly could end up with wrath instead of mercy. Didn’t God warn the companions of Christ who asked for a table to descend among them from heaven?

Allah said, “Indeed, I will sent it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you – then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds.” (Quran 5:115)

The reason for this warning is that the coming of miracles is always accompanied by increase in the severity of punishment for those who disbelieve after witnessing them.

Lucky indeed are those who believe by hearing and without seeing any miracles. And woe to those who witnessed and refused to believe.

The Quran you have with you is a witness against you and a warning for you, thus on the day of judgment it will not be a mercy but the contrary. Therefore, sparing the Eskimo of the polar regions such an irrefutable witness could be a sign of pardoning, relief, mercy, and redemption on the day of judgment. A glance to the sky from that Eskimo during a certain moment in his life, may be, in the sight of God, sufficient for his acceptance as a sincere believer.

Though the question of why God’s bestowal of mercy on someone can be less on someone else, is something that God constitutes based upon his knowledge of the hearts.

He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquility upon them and rewarded them with an imminent conquest” (Quran 48:18)

God’s knowledge of our hearts precedes our existence in wombs, extending back to when we were still spirits around his throne. Some of us gathered around his light and were completely absorbed in it. Others shifted their attention toward enjoying the spectacle of the universe, distracted from The Creator by the creations. These are the deductions of those who are certain of God’s existence by all their senses.

What we experience in our few years in this world isn’t everything that there is, while knowing the wisdom behind every forbiddance and pain belongs to God the All-Knowing.

If someone was to ask me: Why did God create the pig “a pig”? I have no other saying but to say that God chose for it a piggish outfit because he had a piggish spirit, and that creating it in that shape was right and just.

All different qualifications and worthiness that we see around us are in fact just, though knowing the complete wisdom behind them and unveiling this justice is not something within the capabilities of everyone. Perhaps that’s why there’s an afterlife; a day where all the scales are set up and the All-Knowing informing us with all what we disputed about.

Though, my friend, I shall relieve you with the decisive point. God said in his book that he shall not punish except those who have been warned by messengers.

And never would We punish until We sent a messenger” (Quran 17:15)

Are you feeling better now?

Then allow me to tell you something, my friend. The strangest thing about your question is that it appears to be out of faith and pity for that negro who’s missed all the light, mercy, and guidance in the Quran; while in fact your true nature is disbelief in the Quran, its light, mercy, and guidance. So your question is closer to a deceptive lure, out of a contradicting, wicked self; trying to establish an argument for which you have no evidence at all.

Do you not notice, my friend, that your logic apparatus is in need of a repair?

 

This is my (Mohamed the blog owner) first attempt to translate Arabic books that I find interesting and worth reading, in a simple and easy way to follow. If you have any comments please don’t hesitate to leave them, and of course feel free to share this wherever and whenever you like.

God Bless

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He Begot None, Nor He Was Begotten

My friend is a man who loves arguments and talks. He thinks that we, naive believers as we are, feed on illusions, fool ourselves with ideas of Paradise, and that we miss the pleasures of this world and its attractions. Talking about my friend, he graduated from France, got his PhD, lived with the hippies, and came to disbelieve in everything.

He addressed me sarcastically:

You people say that God exists, and the main evidence that you hold on tightly is ‘The Law of Causation’ which dictates that for every work there is a worker, for every creation there is a creator, for every being something brought it into existence. A piece of fabric denotes a weaver, a piece of art denotes an artist, and an inscription denotes an inscriber. Therefore, the universe, following this concept, is the most convenient denotation for The Almighty God who created it. We came to believe in this creator. Don’t we have the right, following this same concept, to ask who created this creator? Who created this God you’re talking about? Doesn’t your own deductions lead us to this? Following the same Law of Causation? What are your thoughts regarding this bump, if you please?

We inform him that his question is invalid, and there’s no bump or anything of that sort. You agree on accepting God as the creator, and then you ask who created him. You’re making him the creator and a creation in the same sentence, and that’s a contradiction.

Another side of your invalid question is that you imagine the abidance of the creator to the laws of his creations. The law of causation belongs to us, residing in time and space. While God has created time and space, it is not right to imagine him confined within time and space, neither with their laws. God created this law of causation. Hence, it is not right to imagine him confined within it.

And you, falling in this fallacy, are more like a string doll, imagining that humans who created it must be moving with strings too. If we would inform it that humans move freely, it would say: It’s impossible for someone to move freely! In my world, I see everyone move with strings.

Similarly, you don’t imagine God existing without the need of someone bringing him into existence, just because you see everything around you in need of something to bring it into existence. Then you’d be like those who think that God needs a parachute to descend to people, or a fast car to reach his prophets. Exalted and raised, is He from all those descriptions, far above.

In his book, Critique of Pure Reason, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant realized that the mind cannot comprehend matters of core nature. Instead, it was naturally designed to perceive matters of the apparent. It is unable to perceive an intrinsic quality like divine existence. For that reason, we’ve come to know God through conscience, and not through reason. Our yearning for justice was our indication of the existence of The Just, just like how our thirst is an indication of the existence of water.

Aristotle moved on with the flow of causation, saying that the chair came from wood, wood came from the tree, the tree came from the seed, the seed came from the farmer, etc. Eventually he was compelled to say that this serial flow in time has to end with an act that isn’t in need of a cause; a primary act, or a primary trigger that is in no need of someone triggering it; a creator in no need of a creator. That’s what we assert about God.

On the other hand, Ibn Arabi‘s response to that question, of who created the creator, was that it denotes a distorted mind. That God is the one who substantiates existence, not the other way around. Just like saying that it is light that indicates day, while the other way around would be a reverse logic.

God says in a Hadith Qudsi (Sacred Hadith):

It is I who aids in proving and finding, there is no proof leading to me.”

God is the proof which is in no need of a proof. He is the self-evident truth; and he is the evidence that substantiates everything. God is manifest in the order, precision, beauty, and in accuracy. In the tree leaf, the feather of the peacock, the wing of the butterfly, the fragrance of the flower, the chanting of perching birds, the consistency of the stars and the planets, in this symphonic poem that we name ‘The Universe’.

If we say that all of this came into existence by chance, then we’d imagine that throwing a bunch of alphabets in the air would result in its combination by itself to form an authorless Shakespeare poem.

And the Quran spares us all these arguments with a few expressive words, in a non-philosophizing decisive clarity:

Say, He is Allah , [who is] One,

Allah , the Eternal Refuge.

He begot none, nor He was begotten,

Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” (Quran:112)

Our friend asks again, sarcastically:

And why do you say God is one? Why wouldn’t there be multiple Gods with multiple specialties distributed among them?

And we shall reply to him using his concept that he acknowledges; with science and not with Quran.

The creator is one, because the whole universe is built from one resource, and is based on one plan. From Hydrogen, the ninety two elements in the Mendeleev table were formed in the same manner; through fusion and the emission of atomic energy, in which stars and suns flame-up in space. In addition, all forms of life are built of carbon composites; they are all charred when burned.

They are all according to one anatomical plan. An anatomy of a frog, a rabbit, a pigeon, a crocodile, a giraffe, and a whale reveal the same anatomical structure in all. The same arteries, veins, cardiac chambers, and bones correspond in all of them. The wing of the pigeon is the foreleg of the frog; the same bones, only a slight transformation. The long neck of the giraffe contains seven vertebrae, we find the same number in the hedgehog’s neck.

The nervous system in all consists of the brain, the spinal cord, and the motor and sensory nerves. Their digestive apparatus contains the stomach, the duodenum, and the small and large intestines. The genital apparatus has the same components: the ovary, the uterus, the testicles and their ducts; while the urinary system in all consists of the kidney, the ureter, and the bladder.

The anatomical unit in each of these creatures is the cell. Whether we are dealing with plants, animals, or humans, we are met with the same features; they all breathe, breed, die, and are born in the same way.

Doesn’t all of this denote unity in techniques? What’s so strange then, in asserting that God is one? and why would The Complete multiply? Does he lack something that needs completion? It is only the incomplete who multiplies.

And if there were more than one God, they would fall among themselves each taking his own creation to his side, and the universe would fall apart. God has his own glory and pride, and these are characteristics that cannot be shared.

Our friend makes fun of the divine concept as we understand it, saying:

Isn’t it strange this God that intervenes in everything, little or big? Mastering all creatures, inspiring the bees to abide in the mountains, no leaf falls but he knows of it, no fruit grows out of its bud but he takes count of it. It is he who causes the foot to tumble in a hole, or a fly to fall in a plate of food, or a bowl. Even if the phone is dead, or the rain doesn’t fall, he’s behind all these events after all. Don’t you keep your God busy with too many trivial matters under such conception of him?

I certainly don’t understand. Does a God, in the eyes of the enquirer, become more worthy of divinity if he relieved himself from these responsibilities, took a vacation, and turned his back on the world he created? Does a God who is not operating, unconscious, not hearing, not seeing, not responding, and not caring for his creations become more worthy of being a God? And how does someone know if a certain issue is trivial, while another is much more important and of great value?

The fly, which seems insignificant in the eyes of the enquirer that it doesn’t seem to be of much importance whether it falls into a plate of food or not, has the power to change history with its unimportant fall. It could infect an army with cholera, resolving victory to the competing side, and thus changing the course of history. Wasn’t Alexander the Great killed by a mosquito?

The most trivial premises can lead to the most serious consequences, whereas the most important beginnings can issue in nothing. The All-Knowing of the unknown alone realizes the value of everything.

And did the enquirer imagine himself to be a trustee over God, defining his prerogatives for him? Glorified and disdained, is our Lord from this naive conception.

God who is worthy of divinity, is he whose knowledge has covered everything; who misses not one atom, whether on earth or in the sky.

The All-Hearing, The Responder, The Caring for his creations.

This is my (Mohamed the blog owner) first attempt to translate Arabic books that I find interesting and worth reading, in a simple and easy way to follow. If you have any comments please don’t hesitate to leave them, and of course feel free to share this wherever and whenever you like.

God Bless

Dialogue with my Atheist Friend (Preface)

Because God is unseen, because the future as well as the afterlife is unknown, and because whoever goes into the grave does not return, the commodity of atheism has spread, and materialistic concepts have prevailed. People worshiped themselves, gave themselves away to their desires, and buckled down to this world quarreling over its goods. Many of them believed that nothing is behind this world and that nothing is after this life. Major countries are fighting over Earth’s gold and goods. Disbelief has its own theories, materialism has its own philosophies, denial has its own recesses and gun crew, and deniers have their own sacred house, clinging to its cilia and performing pilgrimage to it during their accommodation and travel; A dignified sacred house, which they call ‘Science’.

When the ‘Human Genome’ emerged, this little booklet containing 5 million pages inside the cells of each one of us, stored in a microscopic cellular space, in the form of 3 billion chemical symbols, explaining our shares, weaknesses and strengths, and our health and sickness, it awakened the whole world, rendered them absolutely shocked.

How? When? Using which unseen pen this precise work was written about a future that is yet to come? Who wrote all this info? What are the means used? And who has the ability to register logs like this?

Then we saw Bill Clinton, the president of the biggest country in the world, showing up on Television and speaking in a humble tone: “At last, it is now possible to collect the complete information about the Human Genome, and scientists are about to break the code which God has used in writing our fate.”

Just like that, he mentioned ‘God’ in his statement.

Yes, it was a temporary awakening, followed by controversies and commotions; allot started talking in the name of religion and in the name of science, and they disputed.

Old questions regarding human freedom started to reappear; Do humans have a free will, or are they determined? If God has already predetermined our actions, then why does he hold us accountable? Why did God create evil? What about those unreached by Holy Books? What’s the religion’s situation with regards to evolution? And why do we assert that it is impossible that the Quran might be fabricated?

Once again this old dialogue with my atheist friend has returned, as well as its subjects: determinism, choice, resurrection, fate and judgment to be the contemporary topic.

This new version returns just in time to participate in solving this puzzle, and to stimulate this topic in the light of fixed science, Quranic signs, and the unshakable divine certainty.

Welcome to the tranquil, constructive dialogue.

Mustafa Mahmoud

 

This is my (Mohamed the blog owner) first attempt to translate Arabic books that I find interesting and worth reading, in a simple and easy way to follow. If you have any comments please don’t hesitate to leave them, and of course feel free to share this wherever and whenever you like.

God Bless